Skateboard Anatomy

Skateboard Anatomy: A Complete Guide to Skateboard Parts

Welcome to our skateboard anatomy guide where we’ll discuss all skateboard parts, including some helpful hints about each one. Whether you’re still starting or you’re moving from basic to more advanced tricks, it’s crucial that you know and understand all skateboard parts to provide proper care and repair if needed. Also, a good knowledge of skateboard parts will help you perform many tricks faster and safer as you can position your foot and body correctly. Here are the different parts of a skateboard.

The Different Skateboard Parts

Skateboard Deck – The Most Crucial Part of a Skateboard

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The skateboard deck is where the rider stands. A standard deck is made from maple or birch wood and is made up of 7 to 9 layers. Each layer is laminated and glued together to create a strong, stable, and durable surface. The most common shapes of a skateboard deck are cruisers, longboards, shortboards, and boards that are suitable for a specific type of skating and for performing tricks.

Grip Tape – Ensure Safe Skateboarding With a Good Grip Tape

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A grip tape is exactly what it is: a large adhesive tape but with a surface that feels like sandpaper. Some grip tapes have grippier surfaces than others so there’s enough traction to give you a safer ride. Grip tapes are absolutely essential and are available in standard sizes and riders simply fit and cut the tape according to the shape of their boards. 

You’ll notice that grip tapes are mostly plain and are available only in dark colors but there are still grip tapes with artistic backgrounds and designs. A lot of riders prefer a plain grip tape surface so they can easily check if the surface is starting to thin out. Once this happens, your tape won’t be as grippy and thus, it’s time to change.

Trucks – Strong & Durable, Holds Everything Together

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The skateboard truck is located at both ends of the board when you turn the skateboard upside down. Some skaters call the skateboard truck the front and the rear axle assemblies. These connect the skateboard wheels to your deck and are flexible as these allow your board to move and turn. 

Some skateboards have stiffer trucks while some are easier to maneuver for easier turning and performing most skating tricks. The most durable and versatile truck will improve your turning capabilities.

Skateboard trucks are available in different sizes. Trucks are mostly measured in inches but some manufactures prefer to use mm. The truck also has many parts including the base plate, where the hanger attaches to the wheel and the kingpin with the kingpin nut. The area that protrudes through the wheels is the axle. There are washers or speed rings on the axle which keep the bearings from rubbing on the hanger. More about

Skateboard Wheels– The Right Set Will Keep You Rolling 

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The wheels are mostly made from polyurethane and are measured by hardness and style. It’s important you choose the right wheel to help your skateboard turn, ride and accelerate better. The right wheel also depends on how you skate. Small wheels are best for street skating as these are slower. Meanwhile, larger wheels are the best other types of surfaces.

Skateboard wheels are classified according to the Durometer A Scale which measures the hardness from 1 to 100. Recreational riders need wheels with 78a to 87a on the durometer scale as this is the best for rough surfaces or rough surfaces. For street skaters, harder and faster wheels with an 88a to 95a durometer are best. If you want to skate on parks, ramps, empty pools, and bowls, a faster set of wheels with a good grip is better.    

Skateboard Bearings – The Best Bearings Keep The Wheels Spinning

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Bearings are metal discs that are fitted inside the wheel assembly with a small inner ring and a large outer ring. The wheel bearings mount the wheels to the axle while the inner and outer discs are positioned along with the interior ball bearings. These allow the wheels to freely turn. Meanwhile, locking bearing shields for the bearing casing cover the bearing assembly. The bearing shield protects the small ball bearings from dirt, dust, and grime.

Hardware – Choose Heavy Duty Skateboard Hardware

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The hardware is composed of many parts which hold the trucks on the board. It is made up of bolts, screws, axle nut/axle nuts, truck axle, and other components. The truck hanger is the part that holds the nuts and keeps the wheels fixed to the skateboard. Meanwhile, the bushings help the trucks turn. Harder bushings will make the movement stiffer while softer ones will make the trucks more sensitive. 

The kingpins are the bolts that hold the base plate to the truck hanger. These can change the height of the trucks as shorter ones have shorter trucks so the skater is closer to the ground. Shorter kingpins are best for street skating and also for performing skateboard tricks. 

Longer kingpins will make the trucks sit higher to give you more room to use larger wheels. This type of wheel is best for cruiser boards and longboards. A complete skateboard comes with the deck and all hardware.

Risers and Shock Pads – Improves Skateboard Height & Absorbs Shock

Skateboards may be too short and too close to the ground and this can make your feet and toes hit the pavement. This is called wheel bie. To solve wheel bite, skaters use riser pads, plastic pads that are placed between the deck and the trucks to raise the skateboard height. Riser pads are available in many sizes. If you want to use larger wheels on your skateboard, you must use thicker risers to improve clearance.

Meanwhile, shock pads are washers that are shaped like a rectangle. These are placed between the trucks and the decks of the board. The shock pads are like risers but these are more rubbery and more malleable and thus, are great at absorbing shock. 


Careful understanding of skateboard anatomy can help you perform different skateboarding tricks and allow you to care, maintain and make repairs as soon as possible. How did you find this article? Tell us in the comment section below. If you like the content, share it today with anyone interested in riding a skateboard. 

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